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Sleep & Depression: The Correlation

Depression can have a significant impact on sleep patterns and quality. The relationship between depression and sleep is complex and bidirectional, meaning that depression can both cause and be exacerbated by sleep problems. At Oasis we have many patients with a variety of sleep issues. Not all issues can be solved with the typical advice of not being on your electronics before bed. For many patients, the issues run much deeper than that. Exploring different types of sleep issues can help to identify and resolve the issues.

Insomnia: Many individuals with depression experience insomnia, which is characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking up too early and not being able to go back to sleep. Persistent insomnia can contribute to the development or worsening of depressive symptoms.

Hypersomnia: While some people with depression have trouble sleeping, others may experience hypersomnia, which is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and prolonged nighttime sleep. This can lead to excessive napping during the day, further disrupting the sleep-wake cycle.

Changes in sleep architecture: Depression can alter the normal structure of sleep. Individuals with depression often spend less time in restorative deep sleep stages (such as slow-wave sleep) and more time in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which is associated with vivid dreaming. These changes can result in poorer sleep quality.

Fragmented sleep: Depression can lead to frequent awakenings during the night, making it difficult to maintain continuous, restful sleep. These awakenings may be accompanied by racing thoughts, anxiety, or nightmares.

Circadian rhythm disturbances: Depression can disrupt the body's internal clock, leading to irregular sleep-wake patterns. Some individuals with depression may find themselves staying up late at night and sleeping during the day, further exacerbating their depressive symptoms.

Sleep-related symptoms of depression: Some people with depression experience physical symptoms related to sleep, such as fatigue, reduced energy, and difficulty concentrating. These symptoms can make it even more challenging to manage the emotional and cognitive aspects of depression.

Increased risk of other sleep disorders: Depression is associated with an increased risk of other sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome, which can further worsen sleep quality.

It's important to note that the relationship between depression and sleep is bidirectional, meaning that sleep problems can also contribute to the development and worsening of depression. Poor sleep can lead to mood disturbances, decreased resilience to stress, and impaired cognitive function, all of which can contribute to the onset or exacerbation of depressive symptoms.

Dr.Yadati works with our patients to correct a number of sleep issues through different kinds of breathwork and pattern based sleep habits to gradually get you back on a sleep schedule that not only works with your life but will also not exacerbate your depression symptoms. We want our patients to know we understand what a huge impact poor sleep can have on you and your ability to care for yourself. Addressing both depression and sleep problems is essential for overall well-being and to get the most out of your treatments here at Oasis.

Madeline Hunt TMS Patient Care Coordinator at Oasis Therapeutics

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